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Family Welfare programme is a major component exclusively to reduce the MMR, IMR and to stabilize the population growth of the State. This is a Central sponsored programme. The basic objective of the programme is that the eligible couples are to regulate their reproductive intention and fertility without any fear and pressure. For effective implementation of this programme, a Family Welfare Cell under Directorate of Family Welfare, Odisha with the financial support of UNFPA, is functioning since last 4 years and it provides techno managerial support, assessment of specific needs and identification of challenges in implementation, improving evidence based planning, strengthening logistic and supply chain system and monitoring and evaluation of the family planning of the State.
Scheme wise activities
Different Schemes under FW Programme being routed through State Govt. Budget
Central- Plan

The State Family Welfare Bureau is functioning at State Head quarter as an administrative Unit for implementation of Family Welfare programme in all districts of the State.

The District Family Welfare Bureau is one of the key branches functioning in the district health Office under Chief District Medical Officer for implementation of the FW Programme in all districts of the State.

Sub Centres are the base level health institution to implement multiple health activities at the rural and remote areas of the State. Health Worker (Female) and Lady Health Visitors are the accountable Govt. personnel to implement different vertical health programmes. For their training, orientation and time to time improvement, the scheme efficacy in all districts of the State.

In order to provide regular health services, Immunization and other FW activities at Urban slums, revamping urban slum scheme is included in the 3 major cities of the state. i.e. Bhubaneswar, Cuttack & Rourkela (Sundargarh).

NHM (National Health Mission)
NRHM was launched by GOI on 12th April 2005. In Orissa the programme was launched on 17th June 2005. Odisha, has shown a steady and sustained improvement in most of the key impact level indicators of health sector performance since the launch of NRHM in 2005. Odisha recorded highest IMR decline of 22 points in the country by reducing IMR from 75 in 2005 to 53 in 2012.  Maternal mortality has also declined from 303 in 2006 (SRS) to 237 in 2011(AHS). The state has also shown reduction in deaths due to communicable diseases, particularly malaria.  The annual parasite incidence of malaria has declined from 10.11 in 2005 to 6.18 in 2012,  a near halving of the rates in a state that was responsible for nearly a quarter of the country's malaria cases and deaths in the early 2000s.     From Financial 2013- 14 it include the National Urban Health Mission and changed into National Health Mission (NHM).
Goal of the Mission
To improve availability of and access to quality health care by people especially for those residing in rural areas, the poor, women and children.
Components under NRHM

  • New Initiatives: under Initiative under NRHM, the components are (a) ASHA- (Accredited Social Health Activist), (b) Untied Fund at Sub centre level, (c) Upgrading Community Health Centres (CHC) as per Indian Public Health Standard (IPHS), (d) Rogi Kalyana Samiti (RKS), (e) Mobile Medical Unit (MMU), (f) AYUSH, (g) Inter sectoral Convergence etc.

Objective of the programme is to improve the Reproductive health of men and women and the health of children with the focus to reduce maternal and child mortality and morbidity giving emphasis on rural health care.
Goal of the programme is to bring down the IMR to 30/1000 live births by 2017 and MMR to 150/100000 live births by 2017.
The MMR of Odisha has declined gradually over the years from 367 (SRS 1998) to 235 (SRS 2012). 
Activities - Health of pregnant mother and child are interrelated. So among the important activities are:

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